Geographical Location and Physical Features of Pakistan

Here I have compiled the Geographical Location and Physical Features of Pakistan in simple and easy to understand bullet points with proper headings. 

Pakistan is located in South Asia.

Neighboring Countries


  • In the east of Pakistan is India. 
  • The border between Pakistan and India is called the Redcliff line. And it's length is 1060 KM.
  • The border where Sindh and Gujrat meets is called 24 Parallel because it is 24 degree to the latitude.


  • In the North-west of Pakistan is Afghanistan. 
  • The border between Pakistan and Afghanistan is called the Durand Line.
  • The length of the border is 2252KM.
  • The border starts in the north where the Wakhan corridor or strip is located which connects Pakistan with Central Asian countries.


  • In the north of Pakistan is China.
  • The length of the border between Pakistan and China is 595 KM.


  • In the south-west of Pakistan is Iran. 
  • The border length is 805 KM.

Arabian Sea / Indian Ocean

  • In the south of Pakistan is the Indian ocean and the waters called the Arabian sea.
  • The total coastal line of Pakistan is 1046 KM.

Mountains of Pakistan

Here are all the mountain ranges of Pakistan.

Karakoram Mountain Ranges

  • Karakoram mountains are in the north along the border with China. The Karakoram extends into China.
  • The highest peak of Karakoram Range is K2 also called Godwin Austin and its height is 8611 KM.
NOTE: Out of 14 eight Thousandener Peaks 5 are in Pakistan and 4 are on Karakoram Mountains.

Himalayas Mountains Range

  • To the south of Karakoram, there are Himalayas Mountains. 
  • The Himalayas extends into India, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, and then into Myanmar.
  • There are two famous peaks on the Himalayas and one of them is in Pakistan called Nanga Parbat also known as the Killer Mountain and its height is 8126 KM.
  • The other one is in Nepal called Mount Everest which is the highest peak in the world with 8848 KM in height.

Hindu Kush Mountain Range

  • Hindu Kush mountains are to the west of Karakoram and Himalayas.
  • When it goes into Afghanistan then it is called Tora Bora Mountains.
  • Its highest peak is called the Tirich Mir peak.

Other Mountain Ranges

  • Another one is Koh-e-Sufaid Mountain range where Khaybar Pass is situated which connects Pakistan with Afghanistan
  • Waziristan Hills which was in FATA now part of KPK
  • Sulaiman Range in Balochistan. Its highest peak is called Takht-e-Sulaiman.
  • Ras Koh Hills where Pakistan did atomic explosions
  • Chaghi Hills which are south to Ras Koh.
  • Makran Ranges are along the coast of Pakistan
  • Kirthar Ranges are along the Sindh and Balochistan border. West of Sindh and east of Balochistan. Its highest peak is called Gorakh hills.

Rivers of Pakistan

Following are the all rivers in Pakistan.

Indus River

  • Indus originates from Tibet. Its source is Mansarovar Lake.
  • Indus runs from Tibet into IOK and then into Gilgit Baltistan to KPK. From there it divides KPK and Punjab and from there into Punjab and then to into Sindh and then falls into the Arabian sea near Thatta in district Thatta.
  • The total length of Indus river is 2900 KM.

Other Rivers to East of Indus

East of Indus is four rivers.
  • Jhelum river
  • Chenab river
  • Ravi river
  • Sutlej river
Beas was small part of Sutlej which is now in India.
  • The point where these four rivers meet is called Panjnad. 
  • The point where Indus meets with these four rivers is at Mithan Kot.

Rivers west of Indus

  • Kabul river that falls into Indus.
  • Swat river which is the tributary of Kabul river
  • Kurram River in Koram Agency
  • Gomal River in Balochistan
  • Zhob river which is tributary of Gomal
  • Hingol River in Makran region Gwadar district
  • Dasht river in Makran Region
  • Hub river in Lasbela Balochistan

Dams of Pakistan

Following are the Dams in Pakistan
  • Warsakh Dam which is on the river Kabul and the oldest dam of Pakistan
  • Tarbella Dam which is on river Indus
  • Mangla dam which is on river Jhelum
  • Mirani Dam is on river dasht in Balochistan.

Berajs in Pakistan

  • There are total of 8 berajs in Pakistan
  • 6 are on River indus, 1 is on river jhelum and 1 is on river chenab
  • 3 of Indus river berajs are in punjab
    Kalabagh beraj
    Chashma beraj
    Taunsa beraj
  • other 3 are in Sindh
    Gudhu beraj
    Sukhar beraj
    (Ghulam Muhammad) Kotri beraj
  • Rasul beraj is on river Jhelum
  • Qadrabad beraj is on river Chenab

Deserts of Pakistan

Following are the main 3 Deserts of Pakistan

The great Thar Desert

The great Thar desert is divided into 3 parts. one is in Punjab and the other two are in Sindh with different names.
  • Area of Bahawalpur Punjab is called Cholistan desert
  • Area of Miras Sindh is called Nara desert
  • Area in Tharparker is called Thar desert.

Other two Deserts

  • Thal desert in Punjab 
  • The Kharan desert in Balochistan

What is Do'ab

  • The area between the two rivers is called Do'ab
  • The land between Sindh and Jhelum is called Sindh Sagar do'ab
  • the land between Jhelum and Chenab is called Chaj do'ab
  • the land between Ravi and Chenab is called Rachna do'ab
  • the land between Ravi and Sutlej is called Bari do'ab

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